The 60 Finest Charlie Munger Quotes

Up to date on August seventeenth, 2023 by Ben Reynolds

Charlie Munger is Warren Buffett’s enterprise associate and vice-chairman of Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B), one of many largest and most properly regarded firms.

Because of the management of Munger and Buffett, Berkshire’s historic investing monitor document is second-to-none. There’s lots for buyers to study from finding out Berkshire’s inventory holdings. You may obtain Berkshire Hathaway’s stock portfolio under.


Warren Buffett tends to get many of the consideration relating to the dialogue of Berkshire’s outstanding efficiency over the previous a number of many years. However Munger has performed an important position in Berkshire’s development.

Munger really managed his personal funding partnership earlier than teaming up with Buffett at Berkshire Hathaway. Munger’s personal partnership averaged returns of 19.8% a 12 months from 1962 to 1975 versus simply 5% a 12 months for the Dow Jones Industrial Common over the identical interval.

This text supplies an outline of Munger’s most attention-grabbing quotes. Buyers can study from his actionable insights and incorporate them in each enterprise and life.

Desk of Contents

You may soar to a specific part of this text with the hyperlinks under:

Charlie Munger’s Life & Funding Partnership Outcomes

Charlie Munger has had an extended life (he’s at the moment 98 years outdated and nonetheless working!). His life is greatest summarized with the next from the acclaimed e book Poor Charlie’s Almanack:

Charles T Munger - Chronology

Supply: Poor Charlie’s Almanack

As talked about, he beforehand ran his personal investing partnership. Taking a look at his outstanding monitor document may help us to grasp why we would be capable to study from this incredible investor. The monitor document of the Charlie Munger investing partnership is proven under.

Charlie Munger Investment Partnership Results

Supply: Poor Charlie’s Almanack

Munger’s restricted companions realized 19.8% annualized returns in the course of the lifetime of the partnership (earlier than charges), evaluating very favorably to the 5.0% return realized by the Dow Jones Industrial Common in the identical time interval. Clearly, we’ve got quite a bit to study from this nice investor.

Munger, Buffett, & Investing

Charlie Munger closely influenced Warren Buffett’s funding model. Munger believes in holding a hyper-concentrated portfolio of extraordinarily high-quality companies. Munger eschews diversification – he’s snug holding as few as 3 securities at a time.

Munger’s philosophy of shopping for and holding high-quality companies for the long-run clearly rubbed off on Buffett. Earlier than Munger, Buffett was way more of a conventional worth investor. After Munger, Buffett centered on high-quality companies buying and selling at honest or higher costs.

One of many important differentiators between Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger is Munger’s insistence on considering by means of “psychological fashions”, which we clarify under.

Psychological Fashions

Charlie Munger’s pursuits go far past investing. He’s a generalist with broad information throughout a number of fields. Munger is maybe greatest recognized for his ‘psychological fashions’ method to fixing issues.

Warren Buffett says Munger has “one of the best 30 second thoughts on the planet. He goes from A to Z in a single transfer. He sees the essence of all the pieces earlier than you even end the sentence“.

Munger advises you perceive the ‘large concepts’ from a variety of topics – from philosophy, science, physics, investing, and so forth. This ‘latticework’ of psychological fashions will show you how to come to right conclusions by viewing the issue from a number of vantage factors.

Charlie Munger’s psychological fashions way of living offers him a novel perspective. If there may be anybody who affords higher funding quotes than Warren Buffett, it’s Charlie Munger. The rest of this text is devoted to presenting and analyzing quotes from Charlie Munger as they apply to enterprise, investing, and residing a satisfying life.

On Studying

Munger is maybe best-known as a loyal life-long learner in a large variety of disciplines. Munger thought that universities ought to embody a category known as “Remedial Worldly Knowledge” that taught all of the ideas that college students ought to have discovered previous to enrolling.

Due to Munger’s repute as a passionate learner, it’s helpful to grasp his definition of knowledge:

“What’s elementary, worldly knowledge? Nicely, the primary rule is that you would be able to’t actually know something in the event you simply keep in mind remoted info and try to bang ’em again. If the info don’t dangle collectively on a latticework of concept, you don’t have them in a usable kind.

You’ve obtained to have fashions in your head. And also you’ve obtained to array your expertise – each vicarious and direct – on this latticework of fashions. You could have observed college students who simply attempt to keep in mind and pound again what’s remembered. Nicely, they fail in class and fail in life. You’ve obtained to hold expertise on a latticework of fashions in your head.”

As this quote suggests, Munger relied closely on psychological fashions in his pursuit to grasp the world round him. Munger thought it was vital to grasp the “large concepts” from the “large disciplines,” and generalize from there:

“You could know the large concepts within the large disciplines and use them routinely – all of them, not just some. Most individuals are educated in a single mannequin – economics, for instance – and attempt to remedy all issues in a technique. the outdated saying: To the person with a hammer, the world seems to be like a nail. It is a dumb method of dealing with issues.”

If psychological fashions are so vital, this begs the query – how does one study them?

Munger believes that one of the simplest ways to study is by mastering one of the best that different folks have discovered:

“I imagine within the self-discipline of mastering one of the best that different folks have ever discovered. I don’t imagine in simply sitting down and attempting to dream all of it up your self. No person’s that sensible…”

Munger additionally believed it’s crucial to study from others’ previous errors:

“We acknowledged early on that very sensible folks do very dumb issues, and we wished to know why and who, in order that we may keep away from them.”

To study from others, Munger’s favourite medium was studying.

Charlie Munger Reading Over The Thames

Supply: Poor Charlie’s Almanack

Studying and understanding the good concepts in philosophy, economics, science, and different disciplines slowly opens your thoughts to completely different potentialities in a method that staying in a single slender discipline alone won’t ever be capable to accomplish.

It’s additionally vital to have the inborn temperament to all the time study extra. Munger describes how some folks have an inside disposition for studying within the following passage:

“How do some folks get wiser than different folks? Partly it’s inborn temperament. Some folks shouldn’t have a very good temperament for investing. They’re too fretful; they fear an excessive amount of. However in the event you’ve obtained a very good temperament, which mainly means being very affected person, but mix that with an unlimited aggression when sufficient to do one thing, then you definitely simply step by step study the sport, partly by doing, partly by finding out. Clearly, the extra onerous classes you possibly can study vicariously, as an alternative of from your personal horrible experiences, the higher off you’ll be. I don’t know anybody who did it with nice rapidity. Warren Buffett has turn out to be one hell of quite a bit higher investor because the day I met him, and so have I. If we had been frozen at any given stage, with the information hand we had, the document would have been a lot worse than it’s. so the sport is to continue to learn, and I don’t suppose individuals are going to continue to learn who don’t like the training course of.”

In terms of studying, Munger notably emphasised the onerous sciences. He studied arithmetic as an undergraduate pupil (although he by no means accomplished that diploma), and maintained his bias towards quantitative topics for the remainder of his life.

“If you don’t get this elementary, however mildly unnatural, arithmetic of elementary likelihood into your repertoire, then you undergo an extended life like a onelegged man in an assokayicking contest. You’re giving a enormous benefit to everyone else.”

Munger believed that permutations and combos (which come from the sector of math often known as combinatorics that helps reply questions like “what number of methods are there to order a gaggle of numbers?”) had been particularly helpful.

“And the good helpful mannequin, after compound curiosity, is the elementary math of permutations and combos.”

Munger is clearly an unorthodox learner. Given this information, it’s unsurprising that he thinks the present postsecondary training system is damaged:

“There’s quite a bit incorrect [with American universities]. I’d take away three-fourths of the school – all the pieces however the onerous sciences. However no person’s going to do this, so we’ll must reside with the defects. It’s superb how wrongheaded [the teaching is]. There’s deadly disconnectedness. You will have these squirrelly folks in every division who don’t see the large image.”

This poor instructing is very current within the discipline of investing, as the next quotes illustrate:

“Beta and trendy portfolio concept and the like – none of it makes any sense to me. We’re attempting to purchase companies with sustainable aggressive benefits at a low, or perhaps a honest, value.”

“How can professors unfold this [nonsense that a stock’s volatility is a masure of risk]? I’ve been ready for this craziness to finish for many years. It’s been dented, but it surely’s nonetheless on the market.”

“Warren as soon as stated to me, “I’m most likely misjudging academia usually [in thinking so poorly of it] as a result of the those that work together with me have bonkers theories.”

To Munger, studying was the most effective methods to enhance in enterprise, investing, and in life.

“Those that continue to learn, will maintain rising in life.”

And, serving to others to study might be simply as helpful:

“One of the best factor a human being can do is to assist one other human being know extra.”

Munger’s capacity and willingness to study is likely one of the causes he grew to become such an ideal investor. One more reason is his affected person temperament. Munger’s ideas on the significance of psychology in life and investing are mentioned under.

On Psychology

Charlie Munger loves psychology. In a speech known as The Psychology of Human Misjudgment that Munger delivered to Caltech college students in 1995, he outlined his perspective on the 25 cognitive biases which have the best capacity to impair human decision-making. The 25 biases are:

  1. Reward and Punishment Superresponse Tendency
  2. Liking/Loving Tendency
  3. Disliking/Hating Tendency
  4. Doubt-Avoidance Tendency
  5. Inconsistency-Avoidance Tendency
  6. Curiosity Tendency
  7. Kantian Equity Tendency
  8. Envy/Jealousy Tendency
  9. Reciprocation Tendency
  10. Affect-from-Mere-Affiliation Tendency
  11. Easy, Ache-Avoiding Psychology Denial
  12. Extreme Self-Regard Tendency
  13. Overoptimism Tendency
  14. Deprival-Superreaction Tendency
  15. Social-Proof Tendency
  16. Distinction-Misreaction Tendency
  17. Stress-Affect Tendency
  18. Availability-Misweighting Tendency
  19. Use-It-or-Lose-It Tendency
  20. Drug-Misinfluence Tendency
  21. Senescence-Misinfluence Tendency
  22. Authority-Misinfluence Tendency
  23. Twaddle Tendency
  24. Motive-Respecting Tendency
  25. Lollapalooza Tendency – The Tendency to Get Excessive Penalties From Confluences of Psychology Tendencies Appearing in Favor of a Explicit Consequence

Every of those concepts is exterior the scope of this text. In the event you’re keen on studying extra about them, we suggest studying Poor Charlie’s Almanack. With this stated, you’ll doubtless discover Munger’s emphasis on psychology all through the remainder of this text, as we discover how extra of his quotes apply to different areas of enterprise and life.

On When To Purchase

As we noticed earlier, Munger ran his personal funding partnership that beat the market over a significant time frame. He additionally has a robust influence on Berkshire Hathaway’s funding choices to at the present time. Accordingly, his ideas on when to purchase shares are price discussing.

Munger’s funding technique may be very boring. Preserving a cool head and investing in high-quality companies with lengthy histories of rewarding shareholders will not be as thrilling, however it’s going to generate stable returns over time with much less danger than investing in ‘the subsequent large factor’. When the gang strikes on, giant losses usually observe giant positive factors. Munger seeks alternative that’s engaging when adjusted for danger. In different phrases, he’s in search of mispriced gambles.

“You’re in search of a mispriced gamble. That’s what investing is. And it’s important to know sufficient to know whether or not the gamble is mispriced. That’s worth investing.”

Normally, this entails shopping for companies under their intrinsic value. Shopping for companies under their honest worth requires you will have an concept of what honest worth is. When the gang turns into overly pessimistic they deal with detrimental potentialities and low cost constructive potentialities. Having a greater estimate of the actual possibilities offers an investor a sizeable edge that may be exploited.

Sadly, severely ‘mispriced gambles’ don’t come alongside usually. Munger recommends ready for one of the best alternatives to return round. After they do, transfer rapidly and decisively.

“In the event you took our prime fifteen choices out, we’d have a fairly common document. It wasn’t hyperactivity, however a hell of a variety of persistence. You caught to your rules and when alternatives got here alongside, you pounced on them with vigor.”

The alternatives Munger seems to be for are nice companies buying and selling at a reduction to their honest worth.

“A fantastic enterprise at a good value is superior to a good enterprise at an ideal value.”

So what defines an ideal enterprise? Munger thought {that a} key attribute of a very good enterprise was one which required minimal reinvestment. Mentioned in another way, Munger appreciates the flexibility to withdraw money from a robust performing enterprise.

On the floor, it’d look like that is all the time the case. The next passage explains why this isn’t true in follow:

“There are two varieties of companies: The primary earns twelve p.c, and you’ll take the income out on the finish of the 12 months. The second earns twelve p.c, however all the surplus money have to be reinvested – there’s by no means any money. It jogs my memory of the man who sells development tools – he seems to be at his used machines, taken in as clients purchased new ones, and says “There’s all of my revenue, rusting within the yard.” We hate that form of enterprise.”

Munger additionally favored enterprise fashions that had been straightforward to grasp, and extra importantly, straightforward to handle. Buyers can’t management who will get appointed to steer the businesses they put money into, so it is very important deal with companies that don’t require a genius to be run successfully.

“Spend money on a enterprise any idiot can run, as a result of sometime a idiot will. If it gained’t stand just a little mismanagement, it’s not a lot of a enterprise. We’re not in search of mismanagement, even when we are able to face up to it.”

As soon as an investor finds an ideal enterprise, it’s vital to be prepared to offer it time. To Charlie Munger, persistence is a advantage:

“The massive cash shouldn’t be within the shopping for or the promoting, however within the ready.”

Munger makes use of the financial idea of opportunity cost to filter by means of funding alternatives.

“Alternative value is a large filter in life. In the event you’ve obtained two suitors who’re actually wanting to have you ever and one is method the hell higher than the opposite, you shouldn’t have to spend a lot time with the opposite. And that’s the way in which we filter out shopping for alternatives.”

Certainly, it’s onerous to overstate the significance of alternative value in Munger’s funding philosophy. The Berkshire funding managers eschew tutorial funding evaluation strategies like weighted average cost of capital (WACC), as an alternative preferring the far-simpler alternative value. The next trade between Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger at a Berkshire Hathaway annual assembly illustrates this:

Buffett: Charlie and I don’t know our value of capital. It’s taught at enterprise colleges, however we’re skeptical. We simply look to do essentially the most clever factor we are able to with the capital that we’ve got. We measured something in opposition to our alternate options. I’ve by no means seen a cost-of-capital calculation that made sense to me. Have you ever, Charlie?

Munger: By no means. In the event you take one of the best textual content in economics by Mankiw, he says clever folks make choices based mostly on alternative prices – in different phrases, it’s your alternate options that matter. That’s how we make all of our choices. The remainder of the world has gone off on some kick – there’s even a price of fairness capital. A superbly superb psychological malfunction.

Munger additionally believed {that a} compelling aggressive benefit was one cause to be keen on a inventory. What stands out about Munger’s evaluation of aggressive benefits is how he relates them to disciplines exterior of the world of investing. For instance, Munger relates geometry to scale-based aggressive benefits (usually known as economies of scale) within the following passage.

“Let’s undergo a record – albeit an incomplete one – of doable benefits of scale. Some come from simple geometry. If you’re building an ideal circular tank, clearly, as you construct it greater, the quantity of metal you use in the floor goes up with the sq. and the cubic quantity goes up with the dice. In order you enhance the scale, you possibly can hold a lot extra volume per unit space of metal.

And there are all varieties of issues like that the place the simple geometry- the easy reality- gives you a bonus of scale.”

It’s additionally price mentioning that Munger (and, by extension, Berkshire Hathaway) doesn’t make funding choices based mostly on macroeconomics. In response to the query “What macro statistics do you repeatedly monitor or discover helpful in your try to grasp the broader financial panorama?” Munger has stated:

“None. I discover by staying abreast of our Berkshire subsidiaries and by repeatedly studying enterprise newspapers and magazines, I’m uncovered to an infinite quantity of fabric on the micro degree. I discover that what I see occurring there just about informs me of what’s occurring on the macro degree.”

We’ve seen that Munger likes to purchase nice companies with sustainable aggressive benefits once they commerce at honest or higher costs. The subsequent part discusses his ideas on portfolio diversification.

On Diversification

As talked about earlier on this article, Charlie Munger ignores diversification within the conventional sense. Munger was snug proudly owning as few as three shares.

Munger’s concentrated method to investing flows from the concept of utilizing your capital in your greatest concepts. The price of diversifying is forgoing placing extra capital to work in your greatest concept. Considered on this method, a concentrated portfolio is logical – if in case you have a excessive conviction your forecasts are correct.

“The thought of extreme diversification is insanity.”

Munger believes that taking cash you possibly can put money into your greatest concept and placing it into your a centesimal greatest concept doesn’t make sense. The higher diploma of certainty you will have in your investing ability, the less securities it’s essential to personal in your portfolio.

Furthermore, much less diversification means a higher deal with the few particularly vital alternatives that come round in somebody’s lifetime.

“Our expertise tends to substantiate a long-held notion that being ready, on just a few events in a lifetime, to behave promptly in scale, in doing a little easy and logical factor, will usually dramatically enhance the monetary outcomes of that lifetime.

Just a few main alternatives, clearly acknowledged as such, will normally come to at least one who constantly searches and waits, with a curious thoughts that loves prognosis involving a number of variables.

After which all that’s required is a willingness to wager closely when the percentages are extraordinarily favorable, utilizing assets accessible on account of prudence and persistence prior to now. “

Munger’s habits with respect to diversification is very uncommon. His choices on when to promote shares are equally atypical and mentioned within the subsequent part of this text.

On When To Promote

Charlie Munger is a notoriously long-term investor. It’s because there are a variety of great advantages that come from proudly owning nice companies for lengthy intervals of time. Munger’s ideas on long-term investing might be seen under.

“We’re keen on placing out giant quantities of cash the place we gained’t must make one other resolution. In the event you purchase one thing as a result of it’s undervalued, then it’s important to take into consideration promoting it when it approaches your calculation of its intrinsic worth. That’s onerous. However in the event you purchase just a few nice firms, then you possibly can sit in your ass. That’s a very good factor.”

Munger holds for the long-term partially as a result of his conservative, low-risk funding technique works greatest when utilized for very lengthy intervals of time. His investments are slow-and-steady choices that, in combination, outperform opponents with extra irrational danger tolerance. This naturally brings the tortoise-and-the-hare analogy to thoughts:

“It’s often doable for a tortoise, content material to assimilate confirmed insights of his greatest predecessors, to outrun hares that search originality or don’t want to be omitted of some crowd folly that ignores one of the best work of the previous. This occurs because the tortoise stumbles on some notably efficient option to apply one of the best earlier work, or just avoids normal calamities. We attempt extra to revenue from all the time remembering the plain than from greedy the esoteric. It’s outstanding how a lot long-term benefit folks like us have gotten by attempting to be constantly not silly, as an alternative of attempting to be very clever.”

As implied above, Munger’s danger tolerance may be very conservative. The subsequent part discusses Munger’s danger tolerance intimately.

On Threat

Munger has little danger tolerance and is a really conservative investor. With that stated, he acknowledges that there’s some danger inherent in any funding, and anybody who says this isn’t true must be averted.

“When any man affords you an opportunity to earn numerous cash with out danger, don’t take heed to the remainder of his sentence. Comply with this, and also you’ll save your self a variety of distress.”

Munger realizes that there are far too many individuals trying to make the most of much less knowledgeable buyers. There are additionally many individuals who imply properly however don’t perceive the chance they’re taking. If one thing appears too good to be true, it most likely is.

This definitely holds relating to derivatives and different difficult monetary devices. Munger says the next on derivatives:

“It’s straightforward to see [the dangers] once you speak about [what happened with] the power derivatives – they went kerflooey. When [the companies] reached for the belongings that had been on their books, the cash wasn’t there. In terms of monetary belongings, we haven’t had any such denouement, and the accounting hasn’t modified, so the denouement is forward of us.”

Munger’s aversion to utilizing derivatives comes from a lack of understanding about their intrinsic worth. Whereas the Black-Scholes mannequin is commonly used to worth inventory choices for accounting functions, this mannequin is flawed. Munger explains this under:

“Black-Scholes is a know-nothing system. If nothing about worth – solely value – then Black-Scholes is a fairly good guess at what a ninety-day possibility may be price. However the minute you get into longer intervals of time, it’s loopy to get into Black-Scholes.”

Individually, Munger stated:

“For instance, at Costco we issued inventory choices with strike costs of $30 and $60, and Black-Scholes valued the $60 ones greater. That is insane.”

Notice: Charlie Munger is a long-time member of Costco’s Board of Administrators.

Munger’s risk-aversion is a key part of his funding philosophy, and interprets to his opinion on present accounting schemes – mentioned under.

On Accounting

Munger finds the artistic accounting employed by many company managers to be extremely distasteful. A proof of this (within the context of the Enron accounting fraud) is proven under.

“Inventive Accounting is an absolute curse to a civilization. One may argue that double-entry bookkeeping was certainly one of historical past’s nice advances. Utilizing accounting for fraud and folly is a shame. In a democracy, it usually takes a scandal to set off reform. Enron was the obvious instance of a enterprise tradition gone incorrect in an extended, very long time.”

Munger particularly dislikes EBITDA as a proxy for company earnings:

“I feel that, each time you see the phrase EBITDA, you must substitute the phrases “bullsh*t earnings.”

If there may be something that Munger dislikes greater than artistic accounting, it’s excessive investing charges. We focus on Munger’s stance on investing charges under.

On Investing Charges

In Poor Charlie’s Almanack, there are many passages that describe Munger’s stance on excessive investing charges. Particularly, Munger dislikes the funding administration enterprise as a result of he believes that it doesn’t add something to society in combination. He additionally believes that the likelihood {that a} shopper is being harmed by their funding supervisor is commensurate with the charges they’re paying.

“In every single place there’s a giant fee, there’s a excessive likelihood of a rip-off.”

Outperforming the market may be very troublesome. When buyers pay giant charges, it turns into just about not possible. The decrease your investing prices, the more cash you possibly can put to work within the inventory marketplace for your self. ‘Simply’ 1% or 2% a 12 months provides as much as an amazing quantity of misplaced cash over the course of an investing lifetime.

Munger believed that one of the simplest ways to attenuate funding charges was to take a position for the long-term. Munger succinctly summarized the associated fee advantages of long-term investing:

“You’re paying much less to brokers, you’re listening to much less nonsense, and if it really works, the tax system offers you an additional, one, two, or three share factors each year.”

Thus, Munger’s dislike of investing charges and his long-term investing model are linked.

Up to now, we’ve got centered on discussing Munger’s knowledge because it pertains to enterprise and investing. The rest of this text will deal with Munger’s knowledge because it pertains to private life.

On Dwelling A Virtuous and Fulfilling Life

Charlie Munger believes the important thing to non-public {and professional} success is straightforward. Commit your life to one thing you’re enthusiastic about, and good at.

“You’ll do higher if in case you have ardour for one thing during which you will have aptitude. If Warren had gone into ballet, nobody would have heard of him.”

Munger and his enterprise associate Warren Buffett stand out amongst profitable businessmen due to their character, honesty, and integrity. We’ll focus on the character-related rules of Charlie Munger’s life step-by-step on this part.

Munger believes that avoiding envy is an integral part of residing a contented and affluent life. In terms of constructing wealth, he warns in opposition to the jealousy that will come from different folks outperforming you.

“Somebody will all the time be getting richer quicker than you. This isn’t a tragedy.”

There’ll all the time be a subsector of the economic system that’s ‘on hearth’. The buyers who occur to be on this subsector will present phenomenal outcomes – for a time.

A fantastic enterprise at a good value compounds investor wealth 12 months after 12 months. A good enterprise at an ideal value solely affords the potential to compound investor returns when it reaches honest worth – then it have to be offered. A fantastic enterprise doubtlessly by no means must be offered.

One other part of Munger’s character is a robust perception that folks must be dependable. In different phrases, folks ought to do what they are saying they’re going to do. The next quote, written by Munger in Poor Charlie’s Almanack, illustrates this level properly:

“Certainly, I have usually made myself unpopular on elite faculty campuses pushing this reliability theme. What I say is that McDonald’s is certainly one of our most admirable establishments. Then, as indicators of shock come to surrounding faces, I explain that McDonald’s, providing first jobs to hundreds of thousands of youngsters, many troubled, over the years, has efficiently taught most of them the one lesson they most want: to present up reliably for responsible work. Then I normally go on to say that if the elite campuses had been as profitable as McDonald’s in educateing sensibly, we’d have a greater world.”

To Charlie Munger, being unreliable was not simply an undesirable high quality, but it surely may additionally maintain an individual again of their life:

“What do you wish to keep away from? Such a straightforward reply: sloth and unreliability. In the event you’re unreliable, it doesn’t matter what your virtues are. You’re going to crater instantly. Doing what you will have faithfully engaged to do must be an automated a part of your conduct. You wish to keep away from sloth and unreliability.”

Munger additionally believed that honesty is likely one of the most vital traits a person can have.

“I feel monitor information are crucial. In the event you begin early attempting to have an ideal one in some easy factor like honesty, you’re properly on you option to success on this world.”

This extends to his habits as a steward of shareholder capital at Berkshire Hathaway. Munger would quite actually underperform than report dishonest monetary outcomes that please his buyers.

“At the moment, it appears to be thought to be the obligation of CEOs to make the inventory go up. This results in all types of silly habits. We wish to inform it like it’s.”

The job of a CEO is to maximise long-term worth for shareholders. Typically, long-term worth maximization comes on the expense of short-term income.

CEOs who search to spice up the inventory value in any respect prices will repurchase shares on the worst doable instances and pursue short-term income above all else, destroying shareholder worth within the course of. It additionally harms the supervisor’s repute.

“Do not forget that repute and integrity are your most useful belongings – and might be misplaced in a heartbeat.”

Within the short-run, folks and companies can get richer quicker by being dishonest. In the long term, honesty and integrity construct a repute that’s price greater than the fast positive factors that come from trickery. Being sincere and appearing with integrity makes it straightforward to sleep at evening.

“Our concepts are so easy that folks maintain asking us for mysteries when all we’ve got are essentially the most elementary concepts.”

Along with honesty and integrity, Munger advocates humility as properly. In Munger’s view, extreme ego can get buyers and enterprise leaders in hassle.

“In the event you suppose your IQ is 160 but it surely’s 150, you’re a catastrophe. It’s a lot better to have a 130 IQ and suppose it’s 120.”

Like different nice buyers, Charlie Munger advocates simplicity. Preserving issues easy enormously reduces errors. The extra difficult an concept or investment thesis, the extra doubtless it’s to be incorrect. It’s because there are just too many transferring components and too many estimates which can be all vulnerable to error.

Munger and Buffett lengthy steered away from companies that had been too difficult to grasp:

“We’ve got three baskets for investing: sure, no, and too robust to grasp.”

Lastly, Munger additionally has some helpful profession recommendation:

“I’ve three fundamental guidelines. Assembly all three is sort of not possible, however you must attempt anyway:

  1. Don’t promote something you wouldn’t purchase your self.
  2. Don’t work for anybody you don’t respect and admire.
  3. Work solely with folks you take pleasure in.

I’ve been extremely lucky in my life: with Warren I had all three.”

Charlie Munger on Warren Buffett

Munger is commonly cited as having had a profound influence on Warren Buffett’s funding technique. With that stated, Munger usually states that he receives an excessive amount of credit score for this.

“I feel these authors give me extra credit score than I deserve. It’s true that Warren had a contact of mind block from working below Ben Graham and making a ton of cash – it’s onerous to modify from one thing that’s labored so properly. But when Charlie Munger had by no means lived, the Buffett document will nonetheless be just about what it’s.”

“I feel there’s some mythology in the concept I’ve been this nice enlightener of Warren. He hasn’t wanted a lot enlightenment. However we all know extra now than 5 years in the past.”

Munger additionally believes that Buffett’s distinctive competency implies that his successor doubtless won’t be as clever. To be honest, Buffett’s successor can have giant sneakers to fill.

“I feel the highest man gained’t be as sensible as Warren. But it surely’s foolish to complain: “What sort of world is that this that offers me Warren Buffett for forty years, after which some bastard comes alongside who’s worse?”

Quotes from Berkshire Hathaway’s 2022 Annual Report

Berkshire’s annual reports are usually written by Warren Buffett. The 2022 annual report had a number of inciteful quotes from Charlie Munger.

“You must continue to learn if you wish to turn out to be an ideal investor. When the world modifications, you should change.”

The above quote highlights the significance of lifelong studying in investing. You could continue to learn and enhancing because the world modifications.

“There is no such thing as a such factor as a 100% positive factor when investing. Thus, using leverage is harmful. A string of great numbers instances zero will all the time equal zero. Don’t depend on getting wealthy twice.”

Leverage can lead whole capital impairment. Shedding all of it means you begin at nothing; properly nothing however a worse repute. Being conservative with investing could imply slower wealth accumulation within the brief run, but it surely additionally usually means a better likelihood of compounding wealth over the long term.

“Warren and I don’t deal with the froth of the market. We hunt down good long-term investments and stubbornly maintain them for a very long time.”


“The world is stuffed with silly gamblers, and they won’t do in addition to the affected person investor.”

Munger and Buffett’s investing model is to hunt out top quality companies and maintain them for the long term. They keep away from ‘market froth’ and aren’t ‘silly buyers’. As an alternative they’re ‘affected person buyers’ who ‘hunt down good long-term investments’.

What Different Folks Have To Say About Charlie Munger

Charlie Munger is adored by many different members of the skilled funding neighborhood. The next set of quotes illustrates the wonderful repute that Munger has crafted over the many years whereas additionally offering further perception into his character and funding philosophy.

“I used to be in New York Metropolis with Charlie to attend a Salomon Brothers board assembly. We had come out of the constructing and had been standing on the sidewalk, discussing what had transpired on the assembly. At least, that‘s what I assumed we had been doing, for all of the sudden I noticed that I had been speaking to myself for some time. I regarded round for Charlie, solely to see him climbing into the again of a taxicab, headed off to the airport. No goodbye, no nothing.

Folks suppose it‘s Charlie’s eyes that trigger him to overlook seeing issues (Charlie misplaced his imaginative and prescient in one eye many years in the past due to issues from cataract surgical procedure). BUT IT’S NOT HIS EYES, IT’S HIS HEAD! I as soon as sat by means of three units of site visitors lights, and lots of honking behind us, as Charlie mentioned some advanced downside at an intersection.”

“I might say all the pieces about Charlie is uncommon. I’ve been in search of the standard now for forty years, and I’ve but to search out it. Charlie marches to his personal music, and it’s music like just about nobody else is listening to. So, I might say that to try to typecast Charlie when it comes to every other human that I can consider, nobody would match. He’s obtained his personal mould.”Warren Buffett, CEO and Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway

Charlie Munger and Warren Buffett

I can attest that Chalie has a mix of traits that I’ve by no means seen in every other single particular person. He has a unprecedented and deep intelligence throughout a broad vary of pursuits, and he by no means appears to overlook something, regardless of how arcane or trivial. On prime of those attributes is his absolute dedication to honesty, ethics, and integrity – Charlie by no means “grabs” for himself and might be trusted with out reservation. If that’s not sufficient, he has a temperament towards investing that may solely be described as perfect: unyielding persistence, self-discipline, and self-control – Charlie simply doesn’t crack or compromise on his rules, regardless of how aggravating the scenario.” – Louis A. Simpson, President and CEO, Capital Operations, GEICO Company


When Charlie is in deep thought, he usually loses monitor of a lot of what’s occurring round him, together with social niceties. I keep in mind that after we had been negotiating with CenFed to have them take over our financial savings and mortgage enterprise, Charlie and I went over to their places of work to satisfy with their CEO, Ted Lowrey. We had a perfectly great assembly – Charlie can put on the churt if he places his thoughts to it – and we had been winding issues up very satisfactorily.

“Ted walked us to the elevator. Simply as we obtained there, the elevator door opened, and Charlie walked straight inside. He by no means said goodbye, by no means shook fingers, nothing. Tad and I had been left standing there, smiling and speechless.”Bob Hen, President, Wesco Monetary. Additionally Munger’s good friend and enterprise asscoiate since 1969.


“When it comes to being curious and centered, when Charlie will get interested in one thing, he REALLY will get keen on it. I keep in mind three talks he ready and introduced to our legislation agency on a few of what he known as the eminent uselesshe had encountered by means of his in depth studying: Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein, and Simon Marks. Particularly, I keep in mind the central message of the discuss on Simon Marks (of retailer Marks and Spencer): Discover out what you’re greatest at and maintain pounding away at it.’ This, after all, has all the time been Charlie’s fundamental method to life.”Dick Esbenshade, Munger’s good friend and enterprise affiliate since 1956.


“For years, I might see Charlie at our Southern California seaside home. I keep in mind having ‘conversations’ that had been primarily one-sided, feeling like I ought to have a dictionary at my facet to lookup all of the phrases I didn’t perceive. I keep in mind not saying a lot, being scared to ask a query and showing silly. He’s so darned sensible, like my father, within the stratosphere.”Howard Buffet, Warren Buffett’s son.


“Charlie had a want to grasp precisely what makes issues occur. He needs to resolve all the pieces, whether or not it’s one thing of significant curiosity to him or not. Something that involves his consideration, he needs to know extra about it and perceive it and determine what makes it tick.”Roy Tolles, co-founder of Munger’s unique legislation agency.


“He is aware of find out how to take all of his brains and all of his power and all of his thought and focus precisely on a single downside, to the exclusion of the rest. Folks will come into the room and pat him on the again or supply him one other cup of espresso or one thing, and he gained’t even acknowledge their presence as a result of he’s utilizing 100% of his enormous mind.”Glen Mitchel, Munger’s good friend since 1957.

Ultimate Ideas

Charlie Munger’s psychological fashions method to investing has produced phenomenal success for Munger himself and for Berkshire Hathaway. His distinctive perspective is a mix of the knowledge of a number of fields. At its core, Charlie Munger’s method is much like Warren Buffett’s – put money into high-quality companies that generate above-average returns.

Companies that generate above-average returns will need to have a aggressive benefit that prohibits opponents from undercutting the corporate. Patents, robust model names, and economies of scale can all lead to above common returns.

The Dividend Aristocrats List is a superb place to search for high-quality companies. To turn out to be a Dividend Aristocrat, a enterprise should pay growing dividends for 25 or extra consecutive years in a row. Not surprisingly, the Dividend Aristocrats Index has generated stronger risk-adjusted returns than the S&P 500 Index during the last decade. In some methods, that is unsurprising; the Dividend Aristocrats have many traits that may make Munger smile.

Different Dividend Lists

The next lists comprise many extra high quality dividend shares:

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